Cancer of Esophagus - 2nd Year GNM Medical Surgical Nursing II, Oncology Nursing(Definition,Etiology,Sign & Symptoms,Diagnosis,Treatment & Prevention)

Subhajit Chanda

Cancer of Esophagus

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It is an abnormal growth of squamous cell present in the lining of the esophagus.
Cancer of Esophagus - Definition,Etiology,Sign & Symptoms,Diagnosis,Treatment & Prevention
Cancer of Esophagus

Risk Factors:-

  1. Gender (male)
  2. Race (African American)
  3. Age (greater risk in fifth decade of life)
  4. Geographic locale (much higher incidence in China and northern Iran)
  5. Chronic esophageal irritation
  6. Use of alcohol and tobacco
  7. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
  8. Chronic ingestion of hot liquids or foods
  9. nutritional deficiencies poor oral hygiene
  10. exposure to nitrosamines(Organic chemical compound) in the environment or food

Clinical Manifestations:-

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dysphagia (Difficult or uncomfortable in swallowing)
  • Feeling of a lump in the throat and painful swallowing
  • Substernal pain or fullness regurgitation of undigested
  • food with foul breath and hiccups later
  • Hemorrhage
  • progressive loss of weight and strength

Diagnostic Evaluation:-

  • History Collection
  • Physical Examination
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD)
  • CT
  • PET
  • Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS),
  • Exploratory laparoscopy
  • Biopsy



There is no any fixed curative medical management of cancer. Treatment of esophageal cancer is directed toward cure if cancer is in early stage.


Esophagectomy- Removal of esophagus

    ➤ Other Therapy:-

Radiation Therapy

Nursing Management:-

1) Advice to avoid spicy food
2) Give more fluid for the Humidifier.
3) Provide medications as per doctors order
4) Check temperature, monitor vital signs
5) Check lab result


  1. Stop smoking
  2. Stop Alcohol Taking
  3. Maintain Proper oral hygiene

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