Write A Short Note On Partograph

Subhajit Chanda


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Definition of Partograph:-

A partogram or partograph is a composite graphical record of maternal and fetal data on the progress of labour on a single sheet of paper.

A thumbnail of partograph with a sample of it.

Inventor of Partograph:-

In, 1954 Friedman prepared the cervicography. In 1972 Philpott and Castle developed the first partograph, by utilizing Friedmar’s cervicograph, and adding the relationship of the presenting part to the maternal pelvis.

A sample copy of partograph by World Health Organization
Sample of Partograph by WHO

Components of Partograph:-

  1. Patient identification: Patient Name, Gravida Para, Patient ID Number, Date of Admission, Ruptured Membranes.
  2. Time: It was recorded at an interval of one hour.
  3. Fetal Heart Rate: recorded every 30 minutes.
  4. State of membranes and colour of liquor: ‘I’ - Intact ‘C’ - Clear ‘M’ - Meconium stained
  5. Cervical dilatation of the head.
  6. Uterine contraction.
  7. Drugs and fluids.
  8. Blood pressure at every 2 hr, and pulse at every 30 min.
  9. Oxytocin: Concentration is noted in the upper box and dose is noted in the lower box.
  10. Urine analysis.
  11. Temperature record.

Advantages of Partograph:-

➦ Provide important information on a single sheet of paper.
➦ Early prediction of the progress of labour.
➦ Help to prevent maternal mortality and fetal mortality.

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